„Der Krieg ist mehr für den Verteidiger als für den Eroberer da, denn der Einbruch hat erst die Verteidigung herbeigeführt und mit ihr erst den Krieg. Der Eroberer ist immer friedliebend (wie Bonaparte auch stets behauptet hat), er zöge ganz gern ruhig in unseren Staat ein; damit er dies aber nicht könne, darum müssen wir den Krieg wollen und also auch vorbereiten, d. h. mit anderen Worten: es sollen gerade die Schwachen, der Verteidigung Unterworfenen, immer gerüstet sein und nicht überfallen werden; so will es die Kriegskunst.“
Carl von Clausewitz.
Fünftest Kapitel: Charakter der strategischen Verteidigung
Auszug aus einem Interview von Paula Hirth 1971
Frage: Could you in any way define the idea of God? Is it a spirit? A force?
Leibowitz: Force is a physical notion. God has no attributes. The whole essence of Jewish theology for the past 1800 years is a denial of the attributes of God.
Frage: Nonetheless, He is fierce, He promises and punishes …
Leibowitz: He has all attributes contradicting themselves because He has not attributes. The attributes of God are just outpourings of human feelings. God with attributes is a pagan idol, and therefore Judaism considers Christianity a pagan religion.
Frage: If God’s attributes are an outpouring of human feelings, then maybe the very idea of God is also an outpouring of human feelings. C. G. Jung said that if there were no God we would have to create him – as a psychological crutch.
Leibowitz: That’s what Voltaire said 200 years before Jung – Jung had no original ideas.
Frage: But is there any validity in it?
Leibowitz: No. Religion is not a human necessity. Of course paganism – and may be Chistianity – is a human necessity. But belief in God – not and idol but God – goes counter to all human feelings and human interests.
Frage: Does religious faith require love of God?
Leibowitz: How can a man love God? Love is an anthropomorphic idea. I can love my friend. I can love my wife, I can love other woman, too; I cann love my country, I can love science, I can love myself. But how can a man love God? Of course, Shema starts with “You shall love your God”, yes? But the meaning of the love of God is just fulfilling the Law. In the Bible there is only one person who is called a lover of God – that is Abraham. He took his son and went to sacrifice him to God, against all human sentiment and human feelings. For God, he rejected all human values. You see, there is no bridge between humanistic values and religious values. Humanism and religion cannot be joined. A religious person rejects humanism.
Frage: Is not “Love thy neighbour … “ part of the religion?
Leibowitz: That is a commandment!
Frage: Can you love on command?
Leibowitz: Certainly you cannot fulfil the Law. Divine Law cannot be fulfilled – because it is Divine. It never was and it never will be fulfilled. Religion is only the struggle to accomplish this. In one of the most important document of Jewish Law, the first line is, “A man should rise in the morning like a lion, trying to serve God”. A man cannot serve God, it is impossible – it’s a pagan notion – but he can try.
Frage: What for?
Leibowitz: Religion is an end, not a means. The service of God is an end not a means. Religion that means something – religion for the sake of ethics, religion for the sake for morality, religion for the sake of a nation, for humanity, for society – that is a prostitution of religion. Judaism is a theo-centric religion. Therefore Christianity is the opposition of Judaism – Christianity is an anthropo-centric religion. Christianity’s God is for the sake of Man, Judaism’s Man is for the sake of God.
Aus: Mose ben Maimon: Acht Kapitel. Eine Abhandlung zur jüdischen Ethik und Gotterkenntnis, Hamburg 1992 (Meiners)